French Chaplains at Fort St. Frederic

Model of Fort Saint Frédéric

Model of Fort Saint Frédéric

“Long before the American Revolution [British and French] colonial powers both laid claim to the Champlain Valley and this strategically important peninsula known as Crown Point. The French built Fort St. Frederic here between 1734 and 1737 and used it as a base for raids on British settlements in New York and New England. As a result, the British mounted various expeditions to take control of Crown Point, and in 1759 they were finally successful. They immediately began construction of new fortifications that they called “His Majesty’s Fort of Crown Point”. Enclosing over seven acres this was one of the largest built by the British in North America. “1

Following, is a list of the French chaplains who served the fort during the French’s occupation2:

1732, November: Jean-Baptiste La Jus

1733: Pierre-Baptiste Resche

1735, March: Bernardin de Gannes

1735, November: Emmanuel Crespel

1736, October: Pierre Verquaillié

1741, May: Daniel Normandin

1743, November: Alexis du Buron

1746: Bonaventure Carpentier

1747, April: Hippolyte Collet

1754, November: Didace Cliche

1755, 4 November: Elzéar Maugé

1758, July: Antoine Deperet

1758, October: Denis Baron




1 New York State Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation website.

2 Coolidge, Guy Omeron, “The French Occupation of the Champlain Valley from 1609 to 1759.” Fleischmanns, NY: Purple Mountain Press, 1999.

Photo of Fort St. Frederic: By Charny – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,



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